The transformation of the 1977 agreement on the delimitation of the continental shelf into an EEZ delimitation agreement between Greece and Italy was one of the objectives of our foreign policy, a goal we had stressed since 2013. So I think the signing of this agreement is a success. Firstly, the internal balance of the 1977 agreement, which concerns derogations from the principle of equalization and the principle of the full effect of the islands and which respects the outstanding delimitations in relation to other neighbouring countries (tripartite zones), is also included in the 2020 agreement. It couldn`t have been any other way. If Greece had asked to renegotiate the demarcation line, there would have been no agreement. However, I think the new agreement should have been expressly stated that the exemptions in the 1977 agreement on the full effect of the islands in determining the equinox distance are due to the fact that the 1977 Convention on the Law of the Sea was concluded prior to the Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). “Our country`s unwavering goal remains to delineate maritime zones with all our neighbours within the framework of international law,” Dendias said, stressing that the borders of maritime areas cannot be selectively and arbitrarily described as “some attempts to use the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). He also stressed once again that the agreement between Turkey and Sarraj was not valid. In the context of the joint political declaration signed at the same time as the agreement, Greece believes that it is clear that the boundaries of the blocks defined in the Ionian context with the exploration and use of hydrocarbons will be compatible with the demarcation line between the two countries and that all necessary adjustments should be made before ratification and the entry into force of the new agreement. Differences are respected with regard to Greece under the Pacta sunt servanda principle between friendly countries and European Union partners, but Greece regards the principle of squareness and the full effect of the islands as rules of international law. This declaration is not part of the agreement and the joint declaration signed on 9 June 2020, but it can be formulated as part of the ratification process and the entry into force phase. Details of the agreement, which virtually extends a 1977 agreement between the two states on the Ionian Continental Shelf, were not immediately available.
The agreement signed by Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias and his Italian counterpart Luigi Di Maio during his visit to Athens, follows a long period of tension in the eastern Mediterranean, where Turkey signed a controversial agreement on the delimitation of maritime states with Libya and… In 1977, the government of Konstantinos Karamanlis felt: that the signing of an agreement on the delimitation of the continental shelf with Italy – after the Greek-Turkish crisis of 1976, which had forced our country to refer both the Un Security Council and the International Court of Justice in The Hague and, finally, to sign the Berne Protocol and the moratorium on the exploration of the continental shelf of the Aegean Sea between Greece and Turkey – was tangible proof of that. that some countries neighbouring the Mediterranean could easily agree on a peaceful and civilized delimitation. Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias (R) and his Italian counterpart Luigi Di Maio sign an agreement to demarcate maritime borders between the two countries after a meeting in Athens on 9 June. [AP] Finally, it is interesting to note that with this agreement, both countries recognize the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice in The Hague (if no other international tribunal is agreed between them) to resolve disputes that, despite their best efforts, cannot be resolved politically and diplomatically.