Wto Textile And Clothing Agreement

From 1974 to the end of the Uruguay Round, trade was governed by the Multifibre Agreement (AMF). It was a framework for bilateral agreements or unilateral measures to limit imports to countries whose domestic industry had suffered severe damage as a result of the rapid increase in imports. In any quota-setting system for individual exporting countries, exporters could attempt to circumvent quotas by shipping products through third countries or making false statements about the country of origin of the products. The agreement contained provisions to deal with these cases. If further losses were to occur during the transition period for the sector, the agreement allowed for the temporary imposing of additional restrictions under strict conditions. These transitional guarantees were not in line with the usual GATT safeguards, as they can be applied to imports from certain exporting countries. But the importing country had to prove that its domestic industry had suffered serious damage or that it was at risk of serious damage. It also had to show that the damage was the result of two factors: an increase in imports of the affected product from all sources and a significant and significant increase from the exporting country concerned. The limitation of protection could be implemented either by mutual agreement, after consultation or unilaterally. It was inspected by the textile watchdog. 16.

The flexibility provisions, i.e. transfer, which are transferred and transferred and apply to all restrictions maintained under this article, are in line with the restrictions in the bilateral amf agreements for the 12-month period prior to the ENTRY into force of the WTO agreement. The combined use of pivots, transfers and transfers should not be limited or maintained in quantity. 13. During the first stage of this agreement (from the effective date of the WTO agreement until the 36th month in which it is in force, including), the level of any restrictions under the bilateral MfAB agreements, in effect for the 12-month period prior to the entry into force of the WTO agreement , is increased each year by less than the growth rate set for these restrictions. 16%. 10. However, if there is no agreement among members after the 60-day period from the date of the consultation request expires, the member responsible for taking safeguard measures may apply the restriction after the import or export date provided for by this article within 30 days of the expiry of the 60-day period for consultations.

and at the same time, refer to the TMB. It is open to both Member States to refer the matter to the TMB before the 60-day period expires. In both cases, the TMB promptly reviews the matter, including the finding of serious injury or a real threat to such damage, and its causes, and makes appropriate recommendations to the members concerned within 30 days.

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