India signed the Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA) with the United States in August 2016, after decades of negotiations. Since then, it has concluded several such agreements with France, Oman, the Philippines and Singapore and has gained access to the port of Sabang in Indonesia. The agreement has the potential to anger China, which is currently embedding in a military conflict in eastern Ladakh along the effective line of control with India, as it is engaged in an ongoing dispute with Japan over the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea. These agreements are taken into account in the Indian Navy`s request to maintain its 24-hour, 24-hour presence in its main areas of interest, the Indian Ocean region (IOC) and, in the future, in the Indo-Pacific. The Indian Navy has maintained its presence through its concept of mission-based operations, involving more than a dozen large surface combatants along the entire length and breadth of the IOC. These operations have notably contributed to a significant improvement in the image of the Indian maritime domain Awareness (MDA), to facilitate the monitoring of vessels of interest and to be the First Responder in the case of a HADR scenario under development. The Logistics Support Agreement is useful when the military of these nations organizes joint training or patrols in the seas near India and vice versa, allowing free supply of warships and aircraft, including food, beverages and fuel. India has signed four military logistics support agreements with partner countries and is in the process of managing the fifth with Russia. The topic came up for discussion during Defence Minister Rajnath Singh`s recent visit to Russia on 05-07 November 2019.1 Whether the agreement signed with Russia, known as the Reciprocal Logistics Support Agreement (RLSA), will be an important step in bilateral relations. As the name suggests, the agreement will facilitate the mutual use of logistics facilities by military personnel from both countries during visits to the other country`s ports, bases and military installations. “If we get the LSA, it will go a long way to facilitating future activity, which means that the scale of the activity involved means that the paperwork is quite huge,” diplomatic sources said. A diplomatic source said last year that a refuelling exercise between the two marines last year had “become a modeling exercise, because we couldn`t really switch on fuel because we didn`t have an agreement on logistics.” “The agreement will also improve interoperability between the armed forces of India and Japan, strengthening bilateral defence operations as part of the strategic and global partnership between the two countries.” Two other similar agreements with Russia and the United Kingdom are about to be concluded.
The pact with Russia will be prepared for signing at the summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in mid-October, the head of the Russian Federation`s deputy mission at the Russian Embassy in India Roman Babushkin said at a press conference in Sep.